India: Country & Culture

May 17, 2017

India has 1.3 billion people, 29 states, seven union territories, 1652 spoken languages, at least nine recognized religions and still stands united. It was the fastest developing country in 2016, and is only second to China in 2017.


India is the second largest country in the world (China is the first) in terms of population. India has roughly 17% of the world's population, but occupies just 2.4% of the world's land area.

India's Languages


India Country and Culture - 1What sets India apart from other countries is its variety of languages, religions and traditions across its regions. India has 22 official languages, and according to the census, the total number of mother tongues spoken in India is 1652. However, only around 150 languages have a sizable speaking population. Citizens are taught to read, write and speak at least three to five of the languages.


Even though English is not a primary language in India, it is the second largest English speaking country in the world. Common English words such as mother, brother and committee are derived from the very old Indian language, Sanskrit. Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages on earth.


According to World Atlas, the top ten languages with the most speakers in India are:


  • Hindi

  • Bengali

  • Telugu

  • Marathi

  • Tamil

  • Urdu

  • Gujarati

  • Kannada

  • Malayalam

  • Odia

India's Culture


Besides the number of languages, the cultures and traditions of India are another thing that set it apart from the rest of the world. As I mentioned earlier, there are several recognized religions in India and India is the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, which are known as the Indian religions.


India is also credited with some of the greatest advancements in architecture, mathematics and medicine. As evidenced by the Taj Mahal, the invention of zero and Ayurvedic medicine.


Below are some interesting facts about Indian culture:

  1. Many of the modern images and descriptions of India often show poverty. But India was one of the richest countries during the early 17th century, before British colonialism.

  2. The 2011 Kumbh Mela was the largest religious gathering of people with over 75 million pilgrims. The gathering was so huge that the crowd was visible from space.

  3. At an altitude of 2444 meters (8018 feet), the Chail Cricket Ground in Chail, Himachal Pradesh, is the highest in the world. It was built in 1893 and is a part of the Chail Military School.

  4. Chess was invented in India.

  5. Indians or Indian-Americans own 49% of the high tech start-ups in Silicon Valley and Washington, D.C.

  6. India is the only country to reach Mars on their first attempt with the least amount of money spent. India spent about $74 million, which is just a fraction of the $2.5 billion cost of the U.S. NASA's latest Mars program.

  7. India has the third largest military force in the world. Even though it is one of the most powerful forces in the world, India has not yet invaded any other country.



It can be very hard for someone to believe that this country has shown a powerful message of unity when each and every one of its many religions and cultures has varying aspects. But, Indians respect each other and believe in the development of the country and evolution of their cultures. The future generations might not follow the age-old traditions, but they will certainly continue the message of unity and its varied heritage.

Resources on GPI's Localization Services


Globalization Partners International (GPI) has provided language translation services to clients worldwide. In addition, GPI has developed a user-friendly Translation Services Portal that makes it extremely easy for non-technical users to manage content translations projects.


To learn more, feel free to check out the below blogs:



Please feel free to contact GPI at with any questions about our language and technology services.  Also let us know if you have any interesting blog topics you would like us to cover in our future blogs.


Country Specific

Translation and Localization for Africa: Republic of ChadDocument Translation Tips: Effectively Comment in PDFs


Currently, there are no comments. Be the first to post one!

Contact Us FREE Globalization eBooks Request Demo Request Quote

Vimal Panicker is from Mumbai, India, and currently lives in Dubai. He has 5 years of experience in project management, working in the translation and localization business and has managed projects for a diverse portfolio of companies in the IT, life sciences and legal industry. Vimal holds a Bachelors Degree in Commerce from Mumbai University and has a great passion for developing and maintaining client relationships. He started off his career in the localization industry and is well-informed with the tools, processes and practices. He loves working with a culturally-diverse team and believes in exceeding client expectations. For him, translation is not only a great medium to work with people from diverse cultures but also a great platform to connect with organizations from varied sectors and understand their business functions. Outside work, he loves to watch and play football and has a great interest in fitness activities.